About Haiti

About Haiti
 
OFFICIAL NAME:
Republique d'Haiti


LOCATION:

Caribbean sea. On West side of Hispaniola Island (Dominican Republic is on East side). SE 
of Cuba, NE of Jamaica, NW of Puerto Rico. Other islands: La Gonave, Ile-a-Vache, La 
Tortue, Les Cayemites, La Navase.

AREA/SIZE:

Slighlty smaller than Maryland (11,600 sq mi.). Terrain is very mountainous.

MAP OF HAITI:

CLIMATE:

Semi-arid. Tropical. (Avg temp 80 degrees);Hurricane Season: May-Nov

POPULATION:

9.0 million (~90% Black). For cities' population seehttp://www.citypopulation.de/Haiti.html#Land.
 
About 2 million Haitians live overseas, primarily in the Dominican Republic, USA, Canada, The Bahamas, Cuba, France and Venezuela. They are commonly referred to as the "diaspora" in Haiti.

2006 Estimated Pop. based on 2003 Census growth rate
DEPARTEMENT POPULATION%

TotaL Haiti 

 9,012,729

100% 

 Ouest

 3,418,666

 37.9%

 Artibonite

 1,410,385

15.6%

 Nord

 868,755

9.6% 

 Sud

 640,838

7.1% 

 Centre

 622,420

6.9% 

 Nord-Ouest

 578,583

6.4% 

 Sud-Est

 504,163

5.5% 

 Grand-Anse

 356,900

 3.9%

 Nord-Est

 330,609

3.6% 

 Nippes

 281,410

3.1% 


DIASPORA POPULATION:

  • Dominican Republic: ~1 million
  • United States: ~ 700K

 

  • Canada: ~90K
  • Jamaica: ~50K
  • France: 40K+
  • Cuba: ~40K

 

  • Bahamas: ~25-50K
  • French Guyana: ~25K
  • Guadeloupe:~13K



  • Dominica: ~7K
  • Turks & Caicos: ~5K
  • Martinique: ~3K
  • Puerto Rico:~1K
  • Jamaica: ~1K

Links:

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

LITERACY:

Statistics vary: 50%+


 

 

 

LANGUAGE:

Creole (main language, spoken by all) & French (literates speak, read and write it). Haitian Christians & Churches use a mixture of both in worship services. Most Haitian Christians memorize Bible verses in French (
Louis Segondversion); younger generations read/write Creole (see Creole Bible). Most Evangelical churches use the "Chants D'Esperance" song book, which contains native songs in both Creole and French as well as hymns translated from English. Seventh Day Adventists use an Adventist French song book. Other song books are: "Les Melodies Joyeuses"; "Sur Les Ailes de la Foi"; "La Voix du Reveil"; "Reveillons-Nous"; "Haiti Chante avec Radio Lumiere" and "Chants de foi, d'Esperance et d'Amour".

 


CHRISTIAN MEDIA:
 



 

 



ECONOMY & MONEY:


High unemployment (50%+); Labor force: Highly agricultural (66%+).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more info see CIA Factsbook. and Library of Congress data about Haiti below:

 

 


Geography

  • Area: 27,750 sq. km. (10,714 sq. mi.); about the size of Maryland. Ile de la Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, and Ile a Vaches comprise Haiti's principal offshore territories.
  • Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts.
  • Cities: Capital--Port-au-Prince (pop. 2 million). Other cities--Cap Haitien (pop. 240,000).
  • Terrain: Rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau.
  • Climate: Warm, semiarid, high humidity in many coastal areas.

People

  • Nationality: Noun and adjective--Haitian(s).
  • Population (2006 census): 8.5 million.
  • Annual population growth rate: 1975-2001, 1.9%; 2.5% per year.
  • Ethnic groups: African descent 95%, African and European descent 5%.
  • Religions (2003 data): Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 28%, voudou (voodoo) practices pervasive.
  • Languages: French (official), Creole (official).
  • Education: Years compulsory--6. Adult literacy (2006 census)--56%.
  • Health: Child mortality--1 out of 8 children die before they reach the age of five. Life expectancy--56 years (women), 52 years (men).
  • Infant mortality rate: 62.33 deaths/1000 live births
  • Age structure: 0-14 years 41.8%, 15-64 years 54.7%, 65+ 3.5%.
  • Median age: 18.5 years
  • Growth rate: 2.493%
  • Total fertility rate: 4.79 children born/woman
  • Birth rate: 35.69 births/1000 population
  • Death rate: 10.15 deaths/1000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 5.6% (2003 est.) or 280,000 people
  • Major infectious diseases: food or waterborne disease including bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever; Vectorborne diseases including dengue fever and malaria; Water contact disease including leptospirosis.

Government

  • Type: Republic.
  • Independence: January 1, 1804.
  • Constitution: March 1987.
  • Branches: Executive--President.Legislative--Senate (30 seats), Chamber of Deputies (99 seats). Judicial--Court of Cassation.
  • Administrative subdivisions: Ten departments.

Economy

  • GDP (2007): $6.1 billion.
  • Real GDP growth rate (2007): 3.2%.
  • Per capita GDP (2007): $713.
  • GDP by sector (2006): Agriculture--27%;industry--8%; services--40%; other--25%.
  • Inflation (2007 est.): 8.1%.
  • Labor force: 3.6 million
  • Labor force by occupation: agriculture 66%, industry 9%, services 25%
  • Unemployment rate: Widespread unemployment.  More than two-thirds of the population do not have jobs.
  • Population below poverty line: 80% (2003 est.)
  • Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble.
  • Agriculture (27% of GDP): Products--coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, cacao, sorghum, pulses, other fruits and vegetables.
  • Industry (8% of GDP): Types--apparel, handicrafts, electronics assembly, food processing, beverages, tobacco products, furniture, printing, chemicals, steel.
  • Services (40% of GDP): Commerce, hotels and restaurants, government, tourism.
  • Trade (2006 est.): Total exports f.o.b.--$494.4 million: apparel, mangoes, leather and raw hides, seafood, electrical.Major market--U.S. Total imports f.o.b.--$1,548.3 million: grains, soybean oil, motor vehicles, machinery, meat, vegetables, plastics, petroleum.
  • Economic aid recipient: $515 million (2005 est.)
  • External debt: $1.463 billion (2007 est.)
  • Telephones: Main line 145,300; Cellular 500,200 (2005 est.)
  • Radio broadcast stations: AM 41, FM 26, shortwave 0 (1999 est.)
  • Television broadcast stations: 2 plus a cable TV service (1997 est.)

Transportation

  • Airports: 14; 4 with paved runways (2007 est.)
  • Roadways: 4,160 km; 1,011 km paved (2000 est.)

Transnational issues

  • Illicit drugs: Caribbean transshipment point for cocaine en route to the US and Europe; substantial bulk cash smuggling activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor Haiti for illicit financial transactions; pervasive corruption; significant consumer of cannabis.
  • International disputes: Since 2004, about 8,000 peacekeepers from the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) maintain civil order in Haiti; despite efforts to control illegal migration, Haitians cross into the Dominican Republic and sail to neighboring countries; Haiti claims US-administered Navassa IslandEnvironment

Environment 

  • The environment's current issues are extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and fuel), soil erosion, and inadequate supplies of potable water.
  • Civil strife in 2004 combined with extensive damage from flooding in Southern Haiti in May of 2004 and Tropical Jeanne in Northwest Haiti in September of 2002 further impoverished the nation.

 

 Haiti has 10 Departements (States), 133 Communes (Counties) comprised of hundreds of cities and towns.

DEPAR

TEMENTS

 COMMUNES & POPULATION

SECTIONS RURALES

(TOWNS)

ARTIBONITE

(15)

1. Anse-Rouge: 32,104

2. Desdunes: 20,263

3. Dessalines/

     Marchands: 127,529

4. Ennery: 31,285

5. Gonaives: 206,426

6. Grande Saline: 14,940

7. Gros Morne: 96,083

8. La Chapelle: 18,092

9. L'Estere: 26,147

10. Marmelade: 24,977

11. Petite Riviere

   de L'Artibonite: 109,883

12. Saint-Marc: 160,181

13. Saint-Michel de

      L'attalaye:

95,216

14. Terre-Neuve: 17,045

15. Verrettes: 90,226


CENTRE

(12)

 

Belladere: 60,239 

Boucan Carre: 48,700

Cerca Cavajal: 17,571

Cerca La Source: 40,270

Hinche: 87,101

Lascahobas: 46,547

Maissade: 43,138

Mirebalais: 81,325

Saut-D'Eau: 34,885

Savanette: 29,717

Thomassique: 42,557

Thomonde: 32,993

GRAND'ANSE

(12)

 

Abricots: 24,555

Anse D'Hainault: 23,185 

Beaumont: 12,486

Bonbon: 6,754

Chambellan: 16,883

Corail: 22,021

Dame-Marie: 27,127

Jeremie: 97,503

Les Irois: 17,340

Moron: 24,713

Roseaux: 28,811

Pestel: 36,136

 

NIPPES

(11)

 

1. Anse-A-Veau: 55,138

2. Baraderes: 31,689

3. L'Azile: 30,240 

4. Miragoane: 89,202

5. Petite Riviere

  de Nippes: 23,967

6. Petit-Trou

 de Nippes: 36,138

7. Fonds des Negres:30,000

8. Paillant (15,762)

9. Arnaud (18,849)

10.Plaisance du Sud (24,777)

11.Grand Boucan (5,288)

 

NORD

(19)

 

Acul du Nord: 51,337

Bahon: 17,417

Bas Limbe: 15,695

Cap-Haitien: 186,251

Borgne: 46,886

Dondon: 25,846

Grande Riviere

  du Nord: 33,275

La Victoire: 6,421

Limbe: 69,256

Limonade: 35,216

Milot: 25,149

Pignon: 29,327

Pilate: 40,445

Plaine du Nord: 28,544,

Plaisance: 50,367

Port Margot: 36,937

Quartier Morin: 19,241

Ranquitte: 18,197

St. Raphael: 37,739

 

NORD-EST

(13)

 

Capotille: 15,086

Caracol: 6,236

Carice: 10,180

Ferrier: 103,096

Fort Liberte: 30, 110

Monbin Crochu: 25,113

Mont Organise: 17,189

Ouanaminthe: 77,319

Perches: 8,344

Sainte Suzanne: 21,617

Terrier Rouge: 21,328

Trou du Nord: 37,405

Vallieres: 17,470

 

NORD-OUEST

(10)

 

Anse A Foleur: 16,560

Baie de Henne: 17,277

Bassin Bleu: 33,926

Bombardopolis: 27,360

Chansolme: 9,561

Jean Rabel: 102,745

La Tortue: 25,936

Mole St. Nicholas: 21,856

Port de Paix: 120,267

St Louis du Nord: 69,592

OUEST

(20)

 

1. Anse-A-Galet: 52,662

2. Archaie: 102,639

3. Cabaret: 63,450

4. Carrefour: 373,916

5. Cornillon/

  Grand Bois: 48,934

6. Croix-des

  -Bouquets: 229,127

7. Delmas: 679,650

8. Fonds-Verrettes: 40,224

9. Ganthier: 71,261

10. Grand-Goave: 49,288

11. Gressier: 25,947

12. Kenscoff: 42,175

13. Leogane: 134,190

14. Petion-Ville: 283,052

15. Petit-Goave: 117,504

16. Pointe-a

  -Raquette: 22,886

17. Port-au-Prince: 704,777

18. Thomazeau: 52,117

19. Cite Soleil

20. Tabarre

.

.

Duny:

.

.

SUD

(18)

Aquin: 95,004

Arniquet: 7,252

Camp Perrin: 40,650

Cavaillon: 46,037

Chantal: 27,935

Chardonnieres: 21,308

Coteaux: 16,754

Ile-a-Vache: 10,225

Les Anglais: 25,652

Les Cayes: 125,799

Maniche: 7,380

Port-a-Piment: 13,921

Port-Salut: 27,947

Roche-a-Bateau: 13,336

St. Jean du Sud: 19,087

St. Louis du Sud: 51,125

Tiburon: 17,887

Torbeck: 60,012

 

.

.

Fonds des Blancs: ~12k.

.

SUD-EST

(10)

 

Anse-a-Pitre: 21,846

Bainet: 62,300

Belle Anse: 51,707

Cayes-Jacmel: 21,374

Cote-de-Fer: 33,577

Grand Gosier: 10,852

Jacmel: 137,966

La Vallee: 36,188

Marigot: 50,734

Thiotte: 23,041

.

Bassin Bleu

.

TOTAL (140)

 

 7,929,048 (2003 Census)

Source: 2003 Census
 

 

 

HAITI'S CONSTITUTION & LAWS: