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History

HAITIAN HISTORY
 
Haiti's history is rich, interesting, yet turbulent. First independent Black republic since 1804, Haiti became a safe haven for runaway slaves from other parts of the Americas. Haiti assisted many Latin American countries in their quest for independence, including Venezuela, Colombia and Bolivia. See some links below for more history in English.


 

http://www.manioc.org/patrimon/PAP11077
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Toussaint Louverture Historical Society

 

 

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RELIGION

There is freedom of religion in Haiti. Statistics vary, though. Like in many other "Christian" countries, nominal Christians are in majority. Most sources, including Operation World book/website Operationworld.com, which publishes global religious statistics, say Christians comprise about 90% of the population: 

- Catholics: ~60% (~6m) & 
- Protestants ~30%: Baptists~520K; Seventh Day Adventists~400K; Pentecostals/Church of God ~340K;  Nazarenes ~ 260K, Episcopals ~180K (~100 churches), Methodists/Wesleyans ~70K, Lutherans ~20K (200 churches), Church of Christ ~15K, Mennonites, Salvation Army.

- Professed Non-Christians: ~ 10%.

Other stats estimate that Evangelical/born-again Christians actually comprise 30-40%. Even this percentage seems overestimated. However, since God knows the human heart, he only knows who are saved or not and when they become born-again. M
any nominal Christians still dabble in idolatry, synchretism, mainly voodooism and other animistic practicesThis means there's a lot more evangelism to be done to reach hearts for Jesus-Christ.

 

Below are some stats on evangelical Haitian diaspora churches in USA and Canada.

 

Evangelical Haitian Churches in the USA  & Canada

Denomination

# of Members 

# of Churches 

Haitian Southern Baptists

45,000

381

American Baptist Convention

10,000

100

National Baptist Convention

5,000

15

All other Baptists

1,000

15

Pentecostals

30,000

800

All other denominations

15,000

200

Total106,0001,511 

(Source: Baptist Press & North American Mission Board; numbers not confirmed)

 

 

 


 


History of Christianity in Haiti:

Christianity was brought to Haiti by the Spanish colonists since the early 1500's. Later on, the French established several missions in Haiti with heavy emphasis on education. They established some very good schools in the country, including College Notre Dame of Cap Haitien, St. Louis de Gonzague, Petit Seminaire College St. Martial, Sisters of Bourdon, and etc.  Some of the best minds Haiti has produced received Catholic education. Roman Catholic Church obtained official status in Haiti with the signing of the 1860 Concordat, which provided the church special status and protection of the government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Episcopal church was introduced in Haiti in 1861 by a group of 110 African-Americans immigrants to Haiti. They established many churches and good schools, including the famous St. Vincent School, for many years, the only school for special aid children in Haiti, College St. Pierre, Episcopal University & the Holy Trinity School, which has been the premiere school of music  in Haiti.

Protestant missionary groups have been in Haiti since the early 1800s. They also put emphasis on education and built some top schools, including Adventist University & Academy, College Bird, College Canado-Haitien, and etc. The first protestants missions were Methodists (1807), Episcopalians (1861) and Baptists with the largest growth. The adventists arrived later on in 1879, Assemblies of God (1945),  Nazarean Church (1948), Salvation Army (1950), Pentecostal church (1962), Mennonite Church (1966) and Church of God (1969). The first Lutheran church in Haiti was founded in 1980. Protestantism has a great appeal to the lower masses, for many reasons, including use of Creole in services; many translated hymns address the people's dire economic and social conditions; more open participation in services through testimonies; and attaining of leadership positions among others.

 

 

 
Some links about history of Christianity in Haiti:

 

 

 

 

 

CHRONOLOGY OF PROTESTANT MISSIONS IN HAITI 

 

YearProtestant Missions
1807British Methodist pastors arrived (English Wesleyan Mission, now the Methodist Church of Great Britain)
1816Wesleyan Methodist Mission Society responded to Haitian presidential request sending two pastors
1816Quaker evangelistic campaigns conducted by Etienne de Grellet and John Hancock.
1820American immigrants (some Protestants) responded to President Boyer's request for colonizers.
1823Baptist missionaries began work, later withdrew (Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society)
1861Protestant Episcopal Church begun under Rev. James T. Holly with 110 Afro-American immigrants from the USA.
1874Apostolic Orthodox Anglican Church of Haiti (under Bishop James T. Holly) becomes autonomous province of the Protestant Episcopal Church.
1905Seventh-day Adventist General Conference (incorporate an independent work that began in 1879)
1920Lott Carey Baptist Foreign Mission Convention of the Negro Baptist Churches in the USA.
1923American Baptist Home Mission Society (American Baptist Churches in the USA), associated with the Baptist Convention of Haiti .
1927Society of St. Margaret (Episcopal service agency)
1931Church of God of Prophecy Mission
1934Church of God World Missions (Cleveland, TN)
1936World Team (formerly, West Indies Mission), affiliated with the Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti
1943Evangelical Bible Mission, Inc.
1943Unevangelized Fields Mission (UFM International). Evangelical Baptist Mission of Haiti ...and the World Gospel Crusade.
1946Child Evangelism Fellowship
1949Wesleyan Methodist Church World Missions (incorporated the work of the Hepzibah Faith Mission that began in the early 1940s)
1949Baptist Mid-Missions (1934)
1950Church of the Nazarene, World Missions Division (incorporated an earlier work that began in 1946)
1952The Missionary Church, World Partners (incorporated work in Pignon led by Eli Marc and a group of churches that split from the UFM in 1949)
1954Janz Teach Ministries, Canada
1957Assemblies of God, General Council (incorporated the work of independent Pentecostals in the hills around Miragoane that was founded in the 1940s)
1958Mennonite Central Committee
1958OMS International, Inc. (incorporated the work of the East West Indies Bible Mission that began in 1946), affiliated with the Evangelical Church of Haiti.
1959Greater Europe Mission, Canada
1960Baptist Convention of Haiti formed by the American Baptists; independent Baptist churches were later organized as the Jacmel Baptist Churches.
1960World-Wide Missions, affiliated with Eben-Ezer Church of God
1962World Gospel Mission
1963CSI Ministries
1964Missionary Flights International
1966Have Christ Will Travel Ministries
1966International Child Care
1966United Pentecostal Church International
1967Churches of God, General Conference
1967Macedonian World Baptist Missions
1968Friends for Missions, Inc.
1969For Haiti with Love, Inc.
1969Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Missions
1970Ministries in Action
1970Global Outreach Mission, Canada
1972Haiti Gospel Mission
1974Presbyterian Church, USA
1975Mission to the World, Presbyterian Church in America
1976International Pentecostal Holiness Church
1978Baptist International Missions
1978Southern Baptist Convention (International Mission Board)
1979Gospel Outreach, Ltd.
1979Mission Possible
1981International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
1981Habitat for Humanity International
1981Medical Ambassadors International
1981Missionary Aviation Fellowship
1982Baptist Bible Fellowship International
1982Harvest
1982International Partnership Ministries
1983Childcare International
1983Hope for the Hungry
1983New Missions to Haiti
1985Christian Reformed World Missions
1985Rehoboth Ministries, Inc.
1985STEM Ministries
1986Elim Fellowship World Missions
1986FOCAS
1987World Concern
1988Global Strategy Mission Association
1988Reciprocal Ministries International
1989Global Missionary Evangelism
1989International Teams of Canada
1991Christian Aid Ministries
1992Mission to the Americas
1993Barnabas Ministries, Inc.
1993ECHO
1993Evangelical Free Church Mission
1994TEAM of Canada
1995Mission Society for United Methodists
1996FEBInternational (Far East Broadcasting)
Source:PROLADES (RITA database)

 

OTHER CHRISTIAN MISSIONS (DATE UNKNOWN)

YEARCHRISTIAN MISSIONS
 African Methodist Episcopal Church
 Agape Flights
 AMG International (Advancing the Ministry of the Gospel)
 Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God
 Evangelistic World Outreach
 Assembly of Christian Churches
 Association of International Gospel Assemblies
 Baptist Evangelistic Mission Association
 Baptist World Mission
 Bethany Baptist Missionary Society
 Bible Holiness Movement (Vancouver, Canada)
 Christian Church and Churches of Christ
 Christian & Missionary Alliance
 Church of God, Evangelical Holiness Union
 Church of God Holiness
 Church of God in Christ
 Church of God in North America
 Church of Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith
 Church of the Brethren
 Compassion International
 Conservative Baptist Home Missionary Society - Conservative Baptist Haiti Mission
 Eastern Mennonite Board of Missions
 Eden Church of God
 Evangelical Church of Haiti
 Evangelical Methodist Church, World Mission
 Faith Holiness Mission
 Food for the Hungry
 Free Methodist Church
 Gedeon's Band Evangelical Church
 Haiti Gospel Mission
 Haiti Independent Baptist Mission
 Haiti Inland Mission
 Heifer Project International
 ISOH/Impact
 Larry Jones Ministry
 London Baptist Missionary Society/Jamaican Baptist Missionary Society (Jacmel Baptist Churches)
 Maranatha Baptist Missions
 Missionary Revival Crusades
 National Baptist Convention of America
 Open Bible Standard Churches
 Operation Mobilization of Canada
 Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
 Pentecostal Church of God, MI (founded prior to 1970 by missionaries from Puerto Rico)
 Pentecostal Holiness Church of God
 Progressive National Baptist Convention, USA
 Sinai Church of God
 Son-Light Mission
 Tabernacle Church
 TEAR Fund England
 The Salvation Army of Canada
 Teen Missions International
 United Evangelical Churches (Monrovia, CA)
 United Methodist Church
 World Mission to the Whole Man, Inc. (Miami, FL)
 World Relief Commission
 World-Wide New Testament Baptist Mission
 World Vision International
 Youth With A Mission (YWAM)
 Source: PROLADES (RITA database)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Sources: various - www.hartford-hwp.com; Bob Corbett's list;

 HAITIAN CHRISTIANITY BIBLIOGRAPHY

AuthorBook

Brodwin,Paul

Political Contests and Moral Claims: Religious Pluralism and Healing in a Haitian Village. Ph.D Dissertation, Harvard University 1991 

 

 

Charles-Poisset, Romain

Le Protestantisme Dans La Societe Haitienne, Impremerie Henri Deschamps, 1985

Conway, Frederick

Pentacostalism in the Context of Haitian Religion and Health Practice. Ph.D. dissertation, American University, Washington DC 1978.

 

 

Hurbon, Laennec

Study for Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique on Guadeloupean Haitian Protestants? 

Le Phenomene religieux dans la Caraibe: Guadeloupe, Guyane, Haiti. Montreal: Les Editions du CIDIHCA, 1989 

 

Griffiths, Leslie

History of Methodism in Haiti (1991, Imprimerie Methodiste, PauP)  

Guillaume, Georges Chants de foi, d'Esperance et d'Amour

 

Jules, Lesly

 Guide d'Administration de L'Eglise

Nerestant, Micial L'Eglise D'Haiti a l'Aube du Troisieme Millenaire
Nerestant, Micial 

Religions et Politique en Haiti (1804-1990)

  
Pressoir, CattsLa protestantisme Haitien (Haitian Protestantism)(P-au-P: Imprimerie de la Societe Biblique et des Livres Religieux d'Haiti, 1945, Vol 1; P-au-P, Imprimerie du Seminaire Adventiste, 1977, Vol 2)
  

Stoll, David

Rethinking Protestantism in Latin America

 

 

Woldimikael, Tekle Mariam

Becoming Black American: Haitians and American Institutions in Evanston, Illinois (New York: AMS Press, 1989)

  

Waters, Mary & Middleburg

Paper in Ethnic Studies, July '92  

HAITIAN CHRISTIAN ARTICLES - PAPERS - STUDIES

 Autor & Title

Publication

Link 

   
Metraux, Alfred, Vodou et Protestantisme 

Revue de l'Histoire des Religions, Vol 144, No 2 (Oct-Dec 1958), pp 198-216.  

 
Noah, Mickey, "Pastors: 400 more Haitian churches needed in N. America"Baptist Presshttp://www.bpnews.net/bpnews.asp?id=32997 
  
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